Patent

 

If You have an invention, or an idea that can be developed into an invention, it is worthwhile to obtain patent protection before publishing, exhibiting or commercializing it. An invention is a technical solution meeting the requirements of patentability; the solution has to be novel, has to involve an inventive step and has to be industrially applicable. The duration of patent protection is 20 years from the date of filing.

What are the benefits of patent protection?
 
  • You have the exclusive right to exploit the solution according to Your invention;
  • it creates a monopoly situation for You;
  • You can take action against anyone using Your invention without Your permission;
  • You can license the use of Your invention (licence agreement) or transfer (sell) Your right.

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Utility model
 
If You have an idea, a technical solution relating to the shaping, structure of an object (device, equipment) or the arrangement of its parts, and this solution is different from the known solutions, it is worthwhile to obtain utility model protection.
Utility model protection may be granted for a solution if it is novel, involves an inventive step and is industrially applicable.
The requirements of utility model protection can be met more easily than those of patent protection, the examination procedure is much shorter and the maintenance fee payable annually is also lower.
The duration of utility model protection is 10 years from the date of filing.

What are the benefits of utility model protection?
 
  • You have the exclusive right to exploit the utility model;
  • You can take action against anyone using Your protected utility model without Your permission;
  • it creates a monopoly situation for You, it increases the value of Your product;
  • You can license the use of Your solution (licence agreement) or transfer (sell) Your right.
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Industrial design
 
If You or Your company has a product that is special in terms of appearance, or a product having an individual character, that has not been disclosed and is different from the known ones, it is worthwhile to obtain industrial design protection.
Industrial design protection may be granted for an industrial design if it is novel and has an individual character. The term design covers the appearance of the whole or a part of the product, resulting from the individual characteristics of the product itself, or its ornamentation, e.g. the characteristics of lines, contours, colours, shape, surface, and the used materials.
A product is defined as any industrial or handicraft item. Products include the packaging, get-up, graphic symbols and typographic type-faces, and parts intended for assembly into a complex product.
The duration of industrial design protection is 5 years from the date of filing, which is renewable four times for five-year periods (25 years in total).

What are the benefits of industrial design protection?
 
  • You have the exclusive right to exploit the industrial design;
  • You can take action against anyone using Your protected industrial design without Your permission;
  • it creates a monopoly situation for You, it increases the value of Your product;
  • You can license the use of Your solution (licence agreement) or transfer (sell) Your right
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Trademark
 
If You want customers to recognize the goods or services offered by You, it is worthwhile to obtain trademark protection.
Trademark protection may be granted for any signs capable of being represented graphically, provided that these are capable of distinguishing goods or services from the goods (trademark) or services (servicemark) of others.
The signs may be: words, combinations of words, including personal names and slogans, letters, numerals, figures, pictures, two- or three-dimensional forms, including the packaging or shape of goods, colours, combinations of colours, light signals, holograms, sound signals, and combinations of these signs.
The duration of trademark protection is 10 years, but it is renewable indefinitely for 10-year periods.
 
What are the benefits of trademark protection?
 
  • a trademark links Your goods and services to Your company;
  • it identifies Your goods and services both to customers and market players;
  • it distinguishes Your goods and services from those of Your competitors;
  • it informs the customers, it serves as an advertising tool and a guarantee of quality to customers;
  • trademark protection gives You the exclusive right to use the trademark;
  • You can license other companies to use Your trademark;
  • if Your trademark is protected, You can take action against anyone using an identical or confusingly similar sign for an identical or similar product.
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Geographical indication
 
Geographical indication is a term applied collectively to all indications used to identify the geographical origin of goods in the course of trade.
The geographical indication is linked to the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases, a country, used to describe a product originating in that region, specific place or country, the production, processing, preparation of which takes place in the defined geographical area, and which possesses a specific quality, reputation, or other characteristic attributable exclusively or essentially to that particular geographical environment with its inherent natural and human factors.
The duration of geographical indication protection is indefinite.
 
The owner of the geographical indication is entitled to use the geographical indication in respect of the products listed in the product list [paragraph d) of Article 5(1) of Decree No. 16/2004 (27th Apr.) of IM (Ministry of Justice)], but may not give licence to any third party. In case of infringement of geographical indications any right holder may take action against the infringing party.
It is important to note that not only the applicants are entitled to use the protected geographical indication, but anybody who produces the product in the given region identified by the indication in accordance with the product specification.
 
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Plant variety protection
 
If You are the breeder of a plant variety that is distinct, uniform, stable and new, and has a plant variety denomination, it is worthwhile to obtain plant variety protection.
Plant variety protection may be granted for varieties of all genera and species, including intergeneric and interspecies hybrids.
The duration of plant variety protection is 30 years for vines and trees and 25 years for other plant varieties from the date of granting the protection.

What are the benefits of plant variety protection?
 
  • You have the exclusive right to exploit the plant variety;
  • You can take action against anyone using the propagation material of Your protected plant variety in any way without Your permission;
  • it creates a monopoly situation for You, it increases the value of Your product.
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